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Educators use many acronyms. Here is a list of translations:

ABCs: The ABCs of Public Education. The ABCs is North Carolina's comprehensive plan to improve public schools that is based on three goals: strong accountability, an emphasis on student mastery of basic skills, and as much local control as possible. The ABCs has been in operation in all schools since 1997-98. The model focuses on schools meeting growth expectations for student achievement as well as on the overall percentage of students who scored at or above grade level. The model uses end-of-grade tests in grades 3-8 in reading and mathematics to measure growth at the elementary and middle school levels and end-of-course tests to measure growth at the high school level and at the middle school level where appropriate. Certified staff receives bonuses based on student growth and schools receive recognition based on the percentage of students' scores at or above grade level.

American College Testing. An alternative test to the SAT that students take as a precursor to college/university admission.

Average Daily Membership. The number of days a student is enrolled in school divided by the number of days in that school year.

AP: Advanced Placement. The AP program enables high school students to complete college-level courses for college placement and/or credit.

AYP: Adequate Yearly Progress. Required under the federal No Child Left Behind law, AYP provides another way to measure school performance. To meet AYP, a school must meet target goals for each group of students of 40 or more. Target goals are set annually by the state for reading and mathematics at grades 3-8 and 10, and for attendance rates or graduation rates as well. AYP is an all-or-nothing model. If a school misses one target, it does not make AYP. The long-term goal of AYP is to have every school at 100 percent student proficiency by 2013-14.

CECAS: Comprehensive Exceptional Children Accountability System. A secure Web-based student information system for exceptional children that supports online case management, compliance monitoring, data analysis and federal and state reporting requirements.

EOC: End-of-Course. EOC tests are designed to assess the competencies defined by the North Carolina Standard Course of Study for each of the following courses: Algebra I, Algebra II, English I, Biology, Chemistry, Geometry, Physical Science, Physics, Civics and Economics, and US History. Tests are taken during the last 10 days of school or the equivalent for alternative schedules.

EOG: End-of-Grade. EOG tests in reading and mathematics are taken by students in grades 3–8 during the last three weeks of the school year.

ESEA: Elementary and Secondary Education Act. This is the principal federal law affecting K–12 education.

ESL: English as a Second Language. ESL is a program model that delivers specialized instruction to students who are learning English as a new language.

F&R: Free and Reduced Price Lunches. Children who qualify, due to their parent's financial status, receive either free or reduced priced lunches through a federal government program.

IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. This federal act requires all states to develop alternate assessments for students with disabilities for whom the standard statewide assessment program is not appropriate.

IEP: Individualized Education Program. The IEP is a written statement for a student with a disability that is developed, at least annually, by a team of professionals knowledgeable about the student and the parent. The plan describes the strengths of the child and the concerns of the parents for enhancing the education of their child, and when, where, and how often services will be provided. The IEP is required by federal law for all exceptional children and must include specific information about how the student will be served and what goals he or she should be meeting.

IPT: The IDEA language Proficiency Tests used to determine the appropriate assessment for limited English proficient students. LEA Local Education Agency. Synonymous with local school system and indicating that a public board of education or other public authority maintains administrative control of the public schools in a city or county.

LEP: Limited English Proficient. Students whose first language is one other than English and who need language assistance to participate fully in the regular curriculum.

NAEP: National Assessment of Educational Progress. Also known as the “Nation's Report Card,” NAEP assesses the educational achievement of elementary and secondary students in various subject areas. It provides the best data for comparing the performance of students in North Carolina to that of their peers across the nation.

NCDPI: The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. The N.C. Department of Public Instruction administers the policies adopted by the State Board of Education and offers instructional, financial, technological and personnel support to all public school systems in the state.

NC WISE: North Carolina Window of Information on Student Education. This secure Web-based tool provides educators with direct and immediate access to a full spectrum of data on a student's entire career in the North Carolina public school system.

NCHSCT: North Carolina High School Comprehensive Test. A multiple-choice test designed to assess the English Language Arts and Mathematics competencies the typical student should master by the end of the 10th grade.

NCLB: No Child Left Behind. NCLB is the more recent reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Authorization Act and represents a sweeping change in the federal government's role in local public education. NCLB has a variety of goals, but the most dominant ones are for every school to be at 100 percent proficiency by 2013-14 as measured by student achievement on state tests and for every child to be taught by a “Highly Qualified” teacher. The new law emphasizes new standards for teachers and new consequences for Title I schools that do not meet student achievement standards for two or more consecutive years. For more information on NCLB, please go to www.ncpublicschools/nclb.

PEP: Personalized Education Plan. Plans specifically designed to improve a student's performance to grade-level proficiency. PEP also stands for Principals' Executive Program. This preparation program for principals provides relevant and rigorous professional development opportunities based on the best current theories and practices.

PSAT: Pre-Scholastic Assessment Test. The PSAT is normally taken by high school juniors as a practice test for the SAT. Some schools use the PSAT as a diagnostic tool to identify areas where students may need additional assistance or placement in more rigorous courses.

SAT: Scholastic Assessment Test. The SAT, which is often taken by high school juniors and seniors as a precursor to college/university admission, assesses a student's verbal, mathematical, and writing skills.

SBE: State Board of Education. The State Board of Education is charged with supervising and administering “the free public school system and the education funds provided for its support.” The Board consists of the Lieutenant Governor, the Treasurer, and 11 members appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the General Assembly in Joint Session.

SCS: Standard Course of Study. The North Carolina Standard Course of Study is the guiding document as to what should be taught in North Carolina public school classrooms.

SIP: School Improvement Plan. A plan that includes strategies for improving student performance, how and when improvements will be implemented, use of state funds, requests for waivers, etc. Plans are in effect for no more than three years.

Title I: A federal funding program for schools to help students who are behind academically or at risk of falling behind. Funding is based on the number of low-income children in a school, generally those eligible for the free lunch program. Title I money supplements state and district funds.

Title III: Title III is the section of No Child Left Behind that provides funding and addresses English language acquisition and standards and accountability requirements for limited English proficient students.